Syntactic Analysis Diagrams: Exercise 2 Numbers 1-3

diagram of exercise two number one as described
Number 1 – “Jack and Jill is a (compound) noun, two nouns linked by a coordinating conjunction, functioning as the subject of “went.” “went” is a verb functioning as the predicate. “up” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “hill” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “up the hill” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb and modifying “went.” “after” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “consideration” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “careful” is an adjective modifying “consideration.” “after careful consideration” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb and modifying “went.” “of” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “needs” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “their” is a pronoun functioning as an adjective modifying “needs.” “of their needs” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective modifying “consideration.”
diagram of exercise two number two as described
Number 2 – “two” is a noun functioning as the subject of “looked.” “looked” is a verb functioning as the predicate of the first clause. “in” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “well” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “in the well” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb modifying “looked.” “they” is a pronoun functioning as the subject of “reached.” “reached” is a verb functioning as the predicate of the second clause. “summit” is a noun functioning as the direct object of “reached.” “The two looked in the well” is an independent clause. “when” is a subordinate conjunction linking the dependent clause to the independent clause. “when they reached the summit” is a dependent clause functioning as an adverb modifying “looked.”
diagram of exercise two number three as described
Number 3 – “children” is a noun functioning as the subject of “fell.” “Jack and Jill is a (compound) noun functioning as an appositive to “children.” “fell” is a verb functioning as the predicate of the first clause. “down” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “hill” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “down the hill” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb modifying “fell.” “For” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “reason” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “For a reason . . . “ is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb modifying “fell.” “which” is a (relative) pronoun, and therefore also a subordinate conjunction, functioning as the subject of “is” and linking the dependent clause to “reason.” “is” is a (linking) verb functioning as the predicate of the second clause. “apparent” is a predicate adjective modifying “which.” “immediately” is an adverb modifying “is.” “not” is an adverb modifying “immediately.” “which is not immediately apparent” is a dependent clause functioning as an adjective modifying “reason.”

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