Syntactic Analysis Diagrams: Exercise 1 Numbers 1-4

breakdown of exercise one number one as described
Number 1 – Little Ms. Muffet” is a noun functioning as the subject of “sat.” “sat” is a verb functioning as the core of the predicate. “on” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “bench” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “Supreme Court” is an adjective modifying “bench.” “on the Supreme Court bench” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb modifying “sat.”
breakdown of exercise one number two as described
Number 2 – “monkey” is a noun functioning as the subject of “chased.” “grey” is an adjective modifying “monkey.” “chased” is a verb functioning as the core of the predicate. “quickly” is an adverb modifying “chased” “around” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “bush” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “mulberry” is an adjective modifying “bush.” “around the mulberry bush” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb modifying “chased.” “weasel” is a noun functioning as the direct object of the verb. “brown” is an adjective modifying “weasel.”
breakdown of exercise one number three as described
Number 3 – “I” is a pronoun functioning as the subject of “am trying.” “am trying” is a (progressive) verb functioning as the predicate of the first clause. “to run” is a verbal (an infinitive) functioning as the direct object of “am trying.” “slowly” is an adverb modifying “to run.” “I” is a pronoun functioning as the subject of “know.” “know” is a verb functioning as the predicate of the second clause. “you” is a pronoun functioning as the subject of “are.” “are” is a (linking) verb functioning as the predicate of the third clause. “not” is an adverb modifying “are.” “in” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “shape” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “in shape” is a prepositional phrase functioning as a predicate adjective modifying “you.” “I am trying to run slowly” is an independent clause. “because” is a subordinate conjunction linking the dependent clauses to the independent clause. “because I know . . . “ is a dependent clause functioning as an adverb modifying “am trying.” “that” is a subordinate conjunction linking the second dependent clause to the first dependent clause. “that you are not in shape” is a dependent (noun) clause functioning as the direct object of “know.”
breakdown of exercise one number four as described
Peter” is a noun functioning as the subject of “picked.” “picked” is a verb functioning as the predicate of the first clause. “peck” is a noun functioning as the direct object of “picked.” “of” is a preposition linking its object to the rest of the sentence. “peppers” is a noun functioning as the object of the preposition. “pickled” is an adjective modifying “peppers.” “of pickled peppers” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective modifying “peck.” “he” is a pronoun functioning as the subject of “was.” “was” is a (linking) verb functioning as the predicate of the second clause. “busy” is a predicate adjective modifying “he.” “very” is an adverb modifying “busy.” “When” is a subordinate conjunction linking the dependent clause to the independent clause. “he was very busy” is the independent clause. “When Peter picked a peck of pickled peppers” is the dependent clause functioning as an adverb modifying “was.”

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